This is certainly a model used by many universities that are british publishers.

Example 1: Using Quotations

The extract below, from a paper on Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie, shows how quotations may be used. Due to the fact paper quotes from the novel extensively, page numbers are observed within the main body for the text, in parentheses, after complete bibliographical details have been provided in a footnote towards the first quotation. Quotations from secondary sources are referenced by footnotes. Short quotations are included, in quotation marks, inside the main body of this paper, while the longer quotation, without quotation marks, accocunts for an paragraph that is indented. Remember that even though the writing by the author of the paper is along with quotations through the novel and sources that are secondary sentences will always be grammatically correct and coherent.

Jean Brodie is convinced regarding the rightness of her own power, and uses it in a frightening manner: ‘Give me a girl at an impressionable age, and she actually is mine for a lifetime’. 1 This is Miss Brodie’s adoption for the Jesuit formula, but, she moulds the child for her own ends whereas they claim the child for God. ‘you are mine,’ she says, ‘. of my cut and stamp . ‘ (129). When good essay writing companies Sandy, her most perceptive pupil, sees the ‘Brodie set’ ‘as a body with Miss Brodie when it comes to head’ (36), there clearly was, as David Lodge points out, a biblical parallel with all the Church given that body of Christ. 2 God is Miss Jean Brodie’s rival, and this is demonstrated in a literal way when one of her girls, Eunice, grows religious and it is preparing herself for confirmation. She becomes increasingly independent of Miss Brodie’s influence and decides to go on the side that is modern the Senior school although Jean Brodie makes clear her very own preference for the Classical. Eunice will not continue her role due to the fact group’s jester, or even to opt for them to the ballet. Cunningly, her tutor tries to regain control by playing on her convictions that are religious

All that term she attempted to inspire Eunice in order to become at least a pioneer missionary in some deadly and dangerous zone for the earth, for this was intolerable to Miss Brodie that any one of her girls should grow up not largely focused on some vocation. ‘You will definitely turn into a woman Guide leader in a suburb like Corstorphine’, she said warningly to Eunice, who had been in reality secretly interested in this idea and who lived in Corstorphine. (81)

Miss Brodie has different plans for Rose; she is to be a ‘great lover’ (146), along with her tutor audaciously absolves her through the sins this can entail: ‘she is over the moral code, it generally does not apply to her’ (146). This dismissal of possible retribution distorts the girls’ judgement of Miss Brodie’s actions.

The above passage is extracted from Ruth Whittaker, The Faith and Fiction of Muriel Spark (London and Basingstoke: MacMillan, 1982), pp.106-7.

Example 2: installation of a bibliography

The bibliography will often through the relevant sources consulted in producing your essay, even if you have not referred to or quoted from their website directly. Your order is alphabetical and determined by the authors’ names. Book titles appear in italics or are underlined, whilst article titles can be found in inverted commas. When talking about books you need to include the author’s name, place of publication, the publisher, together with date when the written book was published. The number and/or volume number, the date of publication and the page numbers to reference the source of an article from a journal include the name of the journal. There are many styles for laying out a bibliography, however the same elements appear in each, and you also must be consistent. Consult the handbooks to be found into the libraries for further details.

This will be a model used by many British universities and publishers.

Dahlgren, Pete, Television while the Public Sphere (London: Sage Publishers, 1995)
Dubois, Ellen, ‘Antipodean Feminism’, New Left Review, no.206, July/August 1994, 127-33
Fussel, Paul, The Great War and Modern Memory (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975)
Gledhill, Christine, ‘Melodrama’, in The Cinema Book, ed. Pam Cook (London: BFI, 1985), pp.73-84
Lodge, David, ‘The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie‘ in David Lodge, The Novelist in the Crossroads and Other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44
Pettifer, James, The Greeks (London: Penguin, 1993)

This is basically the model recommended by the current Languages Association (MLA) and is employed by most American universities and publishers.

Dahlgren, Pete. Television therefore the Public Sphere. London: Sage Publishers, 1995.
Dubois, Ellen. “Antipodean Feminism.” New Left Review 206 (July/August 1994): 127-33
Fussel, Paul. The Great War and Modern Memory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1975.
Gledhill, Christine. “Melodrama” in The Cinema Book. Ed. Pam Cook. London: BFI, 1985. 73-84
Lodge, David. “The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie” in David Lodge The Novelist in the Crossroads as well as other Essays on Fiction and Criticism. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971. 119-44
Pettifer, James. The Greeks. London: Penguin, 1993.

The information that is essential by each model is given in identical order, nevertheless they differ in how that the information are presented. Whichever model you decide on or are instructed to utilize make sure that you stay consistent to it.

Consult reference works for further advice. These books are from the open shelves:
· John Clanchy and Brigid Ballard, How to Write Essays (Melbourne: Longman Cheshire, 1992)
· Joseph Gibaldi, MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (New York: MLA, 1995)

1 Muriel Spark, The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (London: Macmillan, 1961), p.7. All further references are for this edition and given when you look at the text.

2 David Lodge, ‘The Uses and Abuses of Omniscience: Method and Meaning in Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie‘, in David Lodge, The Novelist during the Crossroads as well as other Essays on Fiction and Criticism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1971), pp.119-44.

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